Hypertension, or high blood pressure, affects several adults and the percentage is increasing with the advancement, even people in the countryside are suffering from such problems due to change in their habits of living and food they consume. It rarely makes a person feel ill. If it goes undetected and untreated it can lead to serious complications, including heart attack.
Most people with hypertension are not being treated and their health is at risk. Blood pressure is a measure of the force exerted by the blood flowing through the arteries ( the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the body). A certain amount of pressure in the arteries is normal and necessary to get the blood to where it needs to go.Blood pressure fluctuates throughout the day, in particular, it increases during exercise and decreases during sleep.However, if the pressure becomes consistently too high it is a health hazard.Repeated episodes of high pressure can damage the arteries, causing them to thicken and become less elastic.This, in turn, limits the flow of blood and may cause permanently raised blood pressure.
All adults should have their blood pressure checked at least once every year. Blood pressure goes up with age.
Blood pressure is measured using a cuff device (Sphygmomanometer), which is worn on the arm and can be inflated and deflated. A blood pressure reading gives two measurements in millimeters of mercury or mmHg. The first is called the systolic pressure, which is the force of the blood as the heart contracts to pump it around the body. The second is called the diastolic pressure, which is the force while the heart is relaxing and filling with blood again in preparation for the next contraction. A normal reading for an adult should generally be no higher than 140/85mmHg. People with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, should aim for a blood pressure even lower than this - around 130/80mmHg or below.
Several readings should be taken over a period of time to get an accurate measurement as blood pressure can fluctuate and one high reading does not necessarily mean a person has hypertension. In over 90% of cases there is no single underlying cause, but drinking too much alcohol, being overweight or obese, eating too much salt and not doing enough exercise all contribute. High blood pressure can also run in families. In a very small number of cases, a single cause can be found, such as kidney disease. Some medications may also cause a rise in blood pressure. There are many lifestyle changes a person can make to reduce their risk of hypertension or help lower their blood pressure if it is already high. These include eating a healthier diet, doing more exercise and cutting down on salt and alcohol intakes. Smoking is not a direct risk factor for high blood pressure, but it does increase the chance of heart attack, heart failure and stroke. Within two years of stopping smoking a person's risk of a heart attack is halved. Relaxation techniques (Yoga), to help with stress, may be useful for some people in managing their blood pressure. Medications are available to help lower blood pressure. If blood pressure remains high it can start to damage the blood vessels, which, in turn, can lead to heart attack, stroke, heart or kidney failure or eye damage. If you have hypertension, reducing your blood pressure by 5mmHg can reduce your risk of having a heart attack by about 20%.


Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). Arrests the rise of blood pressure, lowing of pulse, and strengthening of heart beat.

Very melancholy with disgust for life; suicidal tendency. Objects appear as if divided horizontally; can only sec lower half upper half as if covered with a dark body. Deep ulcers affecting the bones, after the abuse of mercury. Caries of the nasal, palatine, mastoid and osicular bones. High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) due to suppressed anger or resentment; violent headache; vertigo.

Muscles and joints - stiffness and weakness as from over walking. Organic lesions of the aged and dwarfish, both mentally and physically (Arterio-sclerosis and cerebral affections). Headaches (without acute crisis) occurring in old people; heaviness rather than pain. Vertigo, due to cerebral anæmia and noises in ears. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) and vascular degeneration. Increased tension of pulse. Arterio-sclerosis (Aurum; Secale); high systolic pressure , low diastolic tension ; cerebral and cardiac symptoms. Thickening of arteries with cardiac dilation.
Icy coldness of body, with paralysis. Voluntary muscular power gone but perfectly sensible. Indurations and narrowing of the cardiac orifice with pain, immediately after eating; epigastric tenderness; aneurism and chronic hypertrophy of the tonsils. Nymphomania and satyriasis. Great increase in uric acid, diminution of chlorides.

Headache if obliged to pass dinner hour (Ars; Lach; Lyc). Sensation as of a weight on vertex. Low blood pressure, vertigo and palpitation when lying on side. Œdema of hands and feet. Hands soft; feet enlarged.

Low Blood Pressure in exhausted and growing fast. Numbness and crawling; tendency to perspiration and glandular enlargement. Peevish, forgetful; after grief and vexation (Ignat; Phos ac). Always wants to go somewhere. Delayed closure or reopening of fontanelles. Retarded dentition, especially in second dentition. With every attempt to eat has aching in bowels. Heartburn and other gastric symptoms one or two hours after dinner. Sacro-iliac symphis is sore, as if separated or broken. Often a children's medicine, but oftener suitable for the young while growing, particularly girls at or near puberty. Craving for bacon, ham, salted or smoked meats. Much flatulence. At every attempt to eat, colicky pain in abdomen. Rheumatic pain from draught of air, with stiffness and dullness of head. Crawling and coldness. Buttocks, back and limbs asleep.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), excessive loquacity. Emotional excitement; rapid change of mood. Time seems too long; seconds seem ages; a few rods an immense distance. Very forgetful; cannot finish sentence. Feels as if top of head were opening and shutting and as if calvarium were being lifted. Uræmic headache. Involuntary shaking of head. Migraine attack preceded by unusual excitement with loquacity.

Useful both in Low blood pressure (Hypotension) and Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). Low vitality. Flatulency, upper part of abdomen. Head painfully sensitive to pressure, especially of the hat; sensation remains after hat is taken off, as if bound up with a cloth. Gums painfully sensitive while chewing. Aversion to meat, fat and milk which cause flatulency. Excessive flatulence, abdomen full to bursting; worse from least food; better from eructations and passing flatus.  Violent, almost constant, empty, sour and rancid eructations. Great roughness in the larynx, with deep rough voice, which failed, if he exerted it; worse evenings. Hoarseness and rawness worse evenings; aphonia worse mornings. Burning in the chest as from glowing coals, with rawness and soreness. Vital forces nearly exhausted, cold surface, especially from knees to feet; lies as if dead breath cool; pulse intermittent, thready; cold sweat on limbs. Ailments from quinine, especially suppressed chills and lever; from abuse of mercury, from salt and meats, from putrid meat or fish or rancid fats. Desire to be fanned, must have more air. Abdomen feels as if hanging heavily; must walk bent. Vertigo, must hold onto something; when stooping; also from flatulence. Morning leuchorrhoea, milky, acid and excoriating the parts.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) and hypotension (Low blood pressure). Debility from exhausting discharges, from loss of vital fluids, together with a nervous erethism. Sensitive to draughts. As if skull would burst. Sensation as if brain were balancing to and fro, and striking against skull, receiving great pain (Sulph; Sulph ac). Intense throbbing of head and carotids. Face flushed after hæmorrhages, or sexual excesses, or loss of vital fluids. Relieved from pressure and warm room. Scalp sensitive; worse combing hair. Aches worse in open air, from temple to temple. Worse by contact, current of air, stepping. Dizzy when walking. Blue color around eyes. Pressure in eyes. Amaurosis; scalding lachrymation. Ringing in ears. External ear sensitive to touch. Hearing sensitive to noise. Flatulence; belching of bitter fluid or regurgitation of food gives no relief; worse eating fruit. Hiccough. Bloatedness better by movement. Extreme sensitiveness to touch, but hard pressure relieves. Coldness; much sweat. One hand ice cold, the other warm.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). Insomnia of aortic patients. Arteriosclerosis. Said to have a solvent power upon crustaceous and calcareous deposits in arteries. Produces giddiness, lowered pulse, and air hunger and reduction in blood-pressure. Acts on muscle of heart, and is a heart tonic. No influence on the endocardium. Diabetes, especially in children. Cardiac dropsy. Fatty degeneration. Aortic disease. Extreme dyspnœa on least exertion, without much increase of pulse. Pain in region of heart and under left clavicle.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). One tablet of each 1/2 hourly, when relieved reduce the frequency.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) from fright, fear, exciting news, bad news. Muscular weakness. Complete relaxation and prostration. Lack of muscular co-ordination. General depression from heat of sun. Sensitive to a falling barometer; cold and dampness brings on many complaints. Heaviness of the head, relieved after profuse emission of watery urine. Partial paralysis of the eyelids, tongue, or organs of deglutition. Fullness in head, heat of face, chilliness, thick speech, brain feels as if bruised. Diarrhoea after sudden emotions, as grief, fright, bad news, or the anticipation of an unusual ordeal. Inefficient labour pains, or none at all, or widely dilated, complete atony, or labour delayed by a rigid os. Fever heat with drowsiness. Sleep with half waking and murmuring frequently. Little thirst, feels very languid, and wants to lie still. Febrile chilliness, cold extremities, heat of the head and face.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), oppression in the region of heart, vertigo, black spots before eyes, feels difficulty going upstairs. Surging of blood to head and heart. Tendency to sudden and violent irregularities of the circulation. Sensation of pulsation throughout body. Pulsating pains. Distinct feeling of the pulse in the head, throbbing without pain. Confusion of ideas, cannot tell where he is, streets seem strange, and the way home too long. Head heavy, but cannot lay it on pillow. Cannot bear any heat about head. Better from uncovering head. Throbbing headache. Angio-spastic neuralgia of head and face. Very irritable, excitement by opposition. Vertigo on assuming upright position. Cerebral congestion. Head feels enormously large, as if skull were too small for brain. Constipation with itching, painful hæmorrhoids, with pinching in abdomen before and after stool. Diarrhœa; copious blackish, lumpy stools.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), LACHESIS gives quick results when the symptoms agree. Tongue trembles when protruded, or catches behind the teeth. Sensation of a swelling in the throat, as if two large lumps came together, on empty swallowing; better on swallowing food. Tonsilitis worse on left side, choking when swallowing; or, when swallowing pains from the throat to the ear; neck very sensitive to touch. Uterus will not bear contact, even of the bed clothes; they cause uneasiness in the abdomen; no tenderness. Menses at the regular time, but too short and feeble. Uterine and ovarian pains, relieved by a flow of blood. Suddenly something runs from the neck to the larynx and interrupts breathing; awakens him at night; spasm of glottis. Aching pain in the shin bones. Hot flashes, metrorrhagia, and other troubles during climacteric period. Most symptoms aggravated after sleep. Great physical and mental exhaustion in morning on rising.

Has a quieting effect on the nervous system. Insomnia, produces normal sleep. Hypertension (High Blood Pressure).

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure). In persons who are wasting in health. Chronic cystitis. Renal affections (where skin and intestines do not perform normally even high potencies are dangerous). Light-complexioned, narrow-chested, lax fiber, very susceptible to changes in the weather. Patient always tired; motion causes intense fatigue; aversion to work; wants constant changes. Depressed, melancholy. Fear of dogs. Animals especially. Desire to use foul language, curse and swear. Contradictory characteristics (mania and melancholia, insomnia and sopor). Averse to meat. All-gone, hungry sensation (Sulph). Desire for cold milk. Sensation of suffocation, even with plenty of fresh air. Longs for cold air. Early-morning, sudden diarrhœa (Sulph). Dysmenorrhœa. Pains increase with the establishment of the flow. Chronic eczema; itching intense; worse at night. Acne in tuberculous children. Measles; psoriasis (Thyroid).

Lowered blood pressure. Dilated blood vessels. Pulse is slow. Blue ring around eyes. Double vision. Buzzing and stopped-up feeling in ear. Deafness from cold. Facial muscles in constant agitation. Persistent vertigo. Hypertrophy with valvular insufficiency; pulse small and weak; unable to rest in a reclining position. Palpitation during coitus. Low tension. Failing compensation, dyspnœa worse lying on left side. Weight and oppression of heart; as if a hand were squeezing it; tickling sensation about heart.


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  The body mass index (BMI) is a statistical measure of the weight of a person scaled according to height. BMI is calculated as the individual's body weight divided by the square of their height.

BMI is frequently used to assess how much an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person of his or her height. The excess weight or deficiency may, in part, be accounted for by body fat although other factors such as muscularity also affect BMI.
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