Planning a baby (Call of giving natural birth to today's women - read "Do it naturally")

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Diet in pregnancy

Diet in pregnancy should be simple, light, nutritious and adapted to the requirements of the individual and the condition of the digestive system.
Avoid highly seasoned or rich food and alcoholic drinks.
Use tea and coffee in moderation.
Unusual supply of nourishment is needed during pregnancy to support the strength and aid the development of the foetus, is a false belief resulting either in an increased supply of food or a change from a plain and nourishing diet to full and generous living. Both of these errors are to be avoided because they may cause dyspepsia, nausea, heartburn, etc.
Where the digestive powers are good and eating is not followed by oppression, languor, nausea, heartburn, etc., there can be no harm in satisfying the appetite with such food as the patient is accustomed to and which she knows from experience agrees with her.
The cravings (longings for unusual or extraordinary food) and capricious appetite from which pregnant women often suffer should seldom be yielded to.
Clothing: During pregnancy body requires to be secured from injurious compression. Dress and under garments should be such that they may adapt themselves to the increasing size of these parts.


Tips to prevent nausea and morning sickness

  • Eat more often but smaller amounts. Try not to go more than four hours between eating.
  • Get out of bed slowly
  • Keep biscuits handy to eat before getting out of bed
  • Avoid large meals
  • Rest as much as you can as feeling tiredness makes the feeling worse
  • Try to avoid smells and food that make you feel worse
  • Clean, lemony smells may make you feel better
  • Avoid eating spicy or fatty foods
  • Try to wear loose clothes that don't put pressure on your stomach


Tips to prevent heartburn

  • Try putting a pillow between your knees to help ease the strain on hips and knees.
  • Decrease your fluid intake in the evenings (but not during the day) and avoid caffeine to avoid heartburn.
  • Use plenty of fresh fruits and green vegetables daily.
  • Take Antimonium Crudum.30 [(Buy a phial of homoeopathic medicine of the company named “Dr. Willmar Schwabe Pvt. Ltd.”)] 1drop in a spoon of water when you feel nausea and repeat it every 5 minutes till you feel relief.
  • Take SYMPHORICARPUS RACEMOSUS 200 [(Buy a phial of homoeopathic medicine of the company named “Dr. Willmar Schwabe Pvt. Ltd.”)] 5drops in a spoon of water in the morning and at bed time.
  • Take ARNICA MONTANA-Q [(Buy a phial of homoeopathic medicine of the company named “Dr. Willmar Schwabe Pvt. Ltd.”)] 1drop in a spoon of water whenever you take food/tea/…



Travel tips

  • The second trimester is the best time to travel. At this time, you are probably over the sick and nauseous feelings of the first trimester. The miscarriage risk is also minimum at this time.
  • On the road or in the air, avoid sitting for extended periods of time, try to walk around at least every hour or two. On a plane or train, even a trip up and down the aisles can help get your circulation going. Also make frequent trips to the toilet.
  • Carry light snacks so that you do not go without food for long periods of time. Keep munching a carrot, an apple or a sandwich every hour or so.
  • In the sultry heat of India, keep water handy all the time to prevent dehydration and cramping.



Miscellaneous

  • If you suffer with piles during pregnancy ice packs covered with a soft cloth on the area can provide relief. Take SEPIA 30 [(Buy a phial of homoeopathic medicine of the company named “Dr. Willmar Schwabe Pvt. Ltd.”)] 5 drops in a spoon of water in the morning to get relief in piles.
  • To relieve backache, place a warm hot water bottle on the relevant area. Press your spine against a wall and keep in that position for a few seconds.
  • For cramps, gentle exercise will help - swimming is particularly good. Raise your feet on a pillow when lying in bed.
  • Pain relief during labour
  • CALCAREA FLUORICA 3X 4tablets every two hours [Put the tablets in mouth and let them dissolve slowly.- start this homoeopathic medicine four weeks before labour to promote normal delivery]
  • Having your back rubbed during labour helps with the pain.
  • When you are in labour, try and walk around or at least stay in an upright position for as long as possible. This speeds up the process.
  • Squatting, hands and knees or standing during delivery increases the pelvis size by over 30% giving you a faster, easier and safer delivery.
  • Eating and drinking fluids during labour is the best natural remedy for labour pain.
  • You can help your baby move into the optimal position for birth in your third trimester by making sure that your knees are lower than your hips when driving, sitting or relaxing.



Choose food wisely
Since there is an increased requirement of all the nutrients during pregnancy, it is suggested to consume a well balanced diet. A woman's need for calories, protein, vitamins, minerals, and water all increase during pregnancy. Your daily meals should consist of various food products from the different food groups, such as:


Milk and milk products:
Dairy products provide numerous nutrients and are especially high in calcium and proteins. Calcium is essential in the formation of bones and teeth. If your intake isn’t sufficient, your baby can withdraw calcium from your bones, making you more at risk of developing osteoporosis later in life. If you don’t like to drink milk, try flavoring it with chocolate or a drop of vanilla or serving it chilled over ice. The other ways to enhance milk intake is to take milk products in place of milk as such. These include curd, cheese, butter, etc. One cup of curds contains the same amount of calcium as a cup of milk, so include it with snacks and meals or substitute plain curd for some of the mayonnaise in salad dressings. Another way to add milk to your diet is to choose pudding desserts.


Cereals grains
, DALS and other pulses: Protein, a major nutrient in this group, is necessary for growth of new cells and replacement of old ones.


Vegetables:
Vegetables provide vitamins A and C among other vitamins, minerals and fiber, which can help relieve constipation. Foods rich in Vitamin C are citrus fruits, cabbage, potatoes, spinach, green beans and tomatoes. Eating foods rich in Vitamin C helps the body absorb the iron in foods. The body does not store Vitamin C, so these foods are needed daily.piles


Fruits:
Fruits such as oranges, grapefruit, melons and berries are the best sources of Vitamin C. Deep yellow fruits like papaya and mango are good sources of Vitamin A. It is easy to eat three or more servings of fruit a day: juice or fresh fruit for breakfast, fresh or dried fruit for a snack, a fruit salad with lunch and a fruit dessert with dinner.


Meat, fish and poultry:
This food group like cereals and pulses provide with proteins necessary for growth and development of the baby.


What to avoid

Food poisoning
Pregnant women should be careful not to expose themselves to any risk of food poisoning, which is potentially very dangerous to the unborn baby.


If you follow the guidelines below, your risk of food poisoning will be low:

  • Always wash your hands before preparing food.
  • Keep kitchen surfaces, cooking utensils, tea towels and so on scrupulously clean.
  • Store cooked and ready-to-eat food in separate containers and shelves in the fridge; don't let juices from raw or thawing meat or fish drip onto other foods.
  • Use separate chopping boards for preparing meat or poultry, and fruit and vegetables.
  • Wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly to remove dirt and soil.
  • Never eat food that has passed its use-by or expiration date.
  • Cook food thoroughly.
  • Cool leftover food quickly and use within 24 hours.
  • Wash your hands carefully after touching any animals.


Alcohol
Heavy drinking during pregnancy will harm the unborn child, and there is evidence that it's associated with birth defects and lower birth weight. Excess alcohol may also affect the mother's nutritional status by affecting or substituting for other foods.

Pregnant women should avoid alcohol completely. Binges (for example, getting drunk) are definitely to be avoided.


Caffeine
Caffeine, found in tea, coffee and many soft drinks, interferes with your body's absorption of iron and other nutrients.
Smoking, tobacco chewing, pan masala, gutakha, etc are to be strictly avoided.


Hyperemesis gravidarum
Hyperemesis gravidarum is uncontrollable vomiting during pregnancy that results in dehydration and ketosis. Diagnosis is clinical and by measurement of urine ketones, serum electrolytes, and renal function. About half of all pregnant women experience nausea and sometimes vomiting in the first trimester - a condition often called morning sickness, as these symptoms are often more severe in the morning. Some women may have nausea and vomiting throughout the pregnancy. The cause of morning sickness may be due to the changes in hormone levels during pregnancy.
 It prevents adequate intake of food and fluids and may result in weight loss; nutritional deficiencies; and abnormalities in fluids, electrolyte levels, and acid-base balance. The peak incidence is at 8-12 weeks of pregnancy, and symptoms usually resolve by week 20 in all but 10% of patients. Uncomplicated nausea and vomiting of pregnancy is generally associated with a lower rate of miscarriage, but hyperemesis gravidarum may affect the health and well-being of both the pregnant woman and the fetus.

When HG is severe and/or inadequately treated, it may result in:

  • loss of 5% or more of pre-pregnancy body weight
  • dehydration and ketosis
  • nutritional deficiencies
  • metabolic imbalances
  • difficulty with daily activities
  • altered sense of taste
  • sensitivity of the brain to motion
  • food leaving the stomach more slowly
  • rapidly changing hormone levels during pregnancy
  • stomach contents moving back up from the stomach
  • physical and emotional stress of pregnancy on the body

Some women with HG lose as much as 20% of their body weight. Many sufferers of HG are extremely sensitive to odors in their environment; certain smells may exacerbate symptoms. This is known as hyperolfaction. Ptyalism, or hypersalivation, is another symptom experienced by some, but not all, women suffering from HG.
As compared to morning sickness, HG tends to begin somewhat earlier in the pregnancy and last significantly longer. While most women will experience near-complete relief of morning sickness symptoms near the beginning of their second trimester, some sufferers of HG will experience severe symptoms until they birth their baby, and sometimes after birthing.
 


 

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