Leukemia / leukaemia is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of immature white blood cells called 'blasts'. All leukaemias start in the bone marrow where developing blood cells, usually developing white cells, undergo a malignant change. They multiply in an uncontrolled way and crowd the marrow, affecting its ability to make normal blood cells. Increasing numbers of abnormal cells, called blast cells or leukaemic blasts eventually spill out of the bone marrow and travel around the body in the bloodstream.
A rapid increase in the numbers of immature blood cells. Crowding due to such cells makes the bone marrow unable to produce healthy blood cells. Immediate treatment is required in acute leukemia due to the rapid progression and accumulation of the malignant cells, which then spill over into the bloodstream and spread to other organs of the body. Acute forms of leukemia are the most common forms of leukemia in children.
Excessive build up of relatively mature, but still abnormal, white blood cells. Typically taking months or years to progress, the cells are produced at a much higher rate than normal, resulting in many abnormal white blood cells. Whereas acute leukemia must be treated immediately, chronic forms are sometimes monitored for some time before treatment to ensure maximum effectiveness of therapy. Chronic leukemia mostly occurs in older people, but can theoretically occur in any age group.
Generalised weakness and fatigue. Anaemia patient is unusually pale, weak and tired. Frequent infections, fevers, chills or flu-like symptoms. Weight loss. Excessive or easy bruising or bleeding. Pain in the bones and joints. Breathlessness. Enlarged lymph nodes, liver and/or spleen tender to the touch. Abdominal discomfort. Night sweats.
Swollen testicles. Headaches, seizures and vomiting.
The causes of leukaemia have not yet been established. The risk of developing leukaemia is increased by: Radiation exposure, smoking, previous cancer and treatment for cancer, blood disorders that damage the bone marrow, chemical (benzene) exposure and ageing.
Decrease of the red and increase of white cells. Stool smells of benzine.
Leukemia. Nephritis. Anaemia.
Anaemia. Feet icy cold, but doesn't feel it. Leukemia.
Leukaemia, splenic anaemia, and Hodgkin's disease.
Jaundice , headache, gets weaker, can scarcely take any food, and quickly becomes emaciated. Leukemia; sleeplessness.
Leukemia; the blood corpuscles are normal as to quantity but lack color.
Cancer of colon. Conditions after encephalitis, meningitis, chemotherapy for leukemia and emotional shock; concussion of brain. Chorea.
Leukaemia and agranulocytosis.
Leukemia, occurring in children of sycotic parents.
Swelling of the lymph-glands; leukemia.
Warts. Leukemia .
Paleness of the skin, leukemia. Paleness of the skin and mucous membrane. Paleness of the whole body.
Anaemia and leukaemia.