Dioscorea villosa (wild yam) is a species of a twining
tuberous vine that is native to and found growing wild in North America. Its
fame is based on its steroid-like saponins which can be chemically converted to
progesterone contraceptives; and cortisone.
(Dioscorea villosa [Yams] are high in vitamin C, dietary fiber, vitamin B6, potassium, and manganese; while being low in saturated fat and sodium. Vitamin C, dietary fiber and vitamin B6 may all promote good health. Furthermore, a product that is high in potassium and low in sodium is likely to produce a good potassium-sodium balance in the human body, and so protect against osteoporosis and heart disease. Yam products generally have a lower glycemic index than potato products, which means that they will provide a more sustained form of energy, and give better protection against obesity and diabetes. The village of Igbo-Ora, Nigeria is often referred to has The land of twins because there is hardly any family within the community without a set of twins. The unusually high number of twins born within this community has led many fertility experts into believing the community’s daily consumption of agida (local name for yam tubers) might be the cause of the many twins. Yam consumption may be one explanation for Africa’s largesse, some West Africans and Western experts believe. Yams contain a natural hormone phytoestrogen which may stimulate the ovaries to produce an egg from each side. It appears this observation is not causal, but purely a correlation between a local community that consumes a yam-heavy diet (and its derivatives) and multiple pregnancies. Other dietary elements may also have confounded or contributed to the observation as well. However, if this Yam theory is really true, those looking for twins better start loading up on yam; dump the clomid and other fertility drugs!)
Persons of feeble digestive powers; tea-drinkers, with much flatulence. Gall stone colic. Calls things by the wrong name. Irritable. Depressed in spirits.
Dull, confused, dizzy ; mouth dry and bitter.
Dull pains worse after dinner. Sharp pains over the eyes. Squeezing pains in head ; temples as if in a vise ; nausea, dry mouth.
Eyes weak, sore, smart ; lids gummed together. Feeling as of a round substance, or as of sticks in the eyes.
Pains in the ears, worse blowing the nose. Pains sharp, or dull, squeezing before and behind ears, extending to the angles of the jaws.
Bad smelling in nose as if bilious. Nose stopped up, dry ; or watery discharge.
White, dry yellow-white ; brown and sore on the tip, worse in the morning. Bites the tongue ; spasmodic closure of the jaw. Taste : bitter, nasty ; rough ; or flat, pappy.
Mouth dry, yet full of sticky mucus ; no thirst.
Throat, fauces dry, burning, smarting, sore.
After excess in eating, errors in diet, or in tea drinkers, excessive flatulent colic.
Belching large quantities of wind, tasteless, sour, bitter, or like rotten eggs, with only partial relief of pains.
Distress, with frequent sharp pains ; must unfasten clothing ; distress and burning in the morning ; belching relieves. Hard pain in region of stomach. Sharp, cramping pain in pit of stomach, then belching of enormous quantities of tasteless wind ; hiccough and discharge of flatus from bowels.
Cutting pains in stomach and region of gall-bladder ; gastrodynia. Sharp pains in the liver, extending to the nipple.
Faintness at epigastrium. Steady, twisting pains in the bowels, worse lower, constantly changing ; worse lying down. Gripping in the umbilical region ; constant dull aching with sharp, cutting pains all through intestines. Rumbling in the bowels ; passes large quantities of flatus ; severe pains. Constant distress in naval and hypogastric regions ; cutting colicky pains ; belching. Colic bends him double ; worse lying down ; better by stretching, or by rising and walking ; a constant pain, worse at intervals. http://localhost/doctor/images/hh_images/yam.jpg
Flatulent spasm. Flatulence after meals ; wind colic, but with little or no hepatic derangement. Pains begin in a small spot and radiate thence upward and downward ; may, early in the attack, extend to stomach, liver, spleen or uterus ; often the pains jump from place to place, especially to a distant part.
Sudden urging to stool, especially in the morning. Expulsion of flatus difficult and with violence ; often with watery evacuations, but only with partial relief of pains. Stool in the morning, followed by protrusion of hemorrhoids, with pain in distress. Sensation as if the feces were hot ; hot flatus. Profuse, thin yellow stool in the morning ; doses not relieve pains in bowels ; stools offensive, bilious ; faintness.
Constant excitement of genitals ; frequent erections. Sexual desire diminished. Emissions during sleep without erections ; genitals cold, relaxed ; weakness, especially weak knees, afterwards ; depressed in spirits. Pains in the inguinal region extending into the testicles. Strong-smelling sweat on scrotum and pubes.
Hacking cough from tickling low down in throat.
Pains in the region of the nipples. Pains through the lungs to the back and vice versa. Tightness across upper part of chest ; distressed feeling.
Sharp pains arresting breathing and motion, with faintness.
Neck and Back lame and stiff ; weakness in small of back. Dull pain in lumber region, worse bending the spine ; sharp, extending to the testicles.
Pain in right leg from point of exit of sciatic nerve, felt only when moving the limb, or when sitting up.
Sharp pain in various parts of the body and limbs ; darting from place to place. Limbs feel weak, worse at the knees.
Pains, except headache, are usually relieved by motion.
Strengthens nerves ; later, trembling, languor, faintness, numbness and tingling. Acts, probably, chiefly upon the nerves, especially upon the solar plexus and upon the spinal nerves, causing pains over the body and in the viscera, also reflex pains.
Generally better in open air.
Fever: Chilliness : with bitter mouth ; with aching bones, backache, pains in lungs, sore throat. Cold extremities, feeble pulse, but no fever ; with the colic. Sweats easily, while chilly.
Pains spread upward and downward ; especially from abdomen to distant parts.
Joints painful ; weak, worse knees.
Nails seem unusually brittle. Itching, burning of various parts. Panaritium, early when pains are sharp and agonizing, or when the picking is felt ; nails brittle.
Camphor. seems to increase its effects. In Coloc. colic is less continuous and is better from pressure and bending double.